The Hard Disk in your New PC will normally have only one partition C:\. The drive size these days will be 500GB, 1TB or even 2TB.
Such a disk with only one large partition presents these difficulties for a smooth operation of your PC.
- Hard Disks need to be periodically cleaned to remove unnecessary remnants of Windows Updates, temporary files created during program installations, Internet browsing, deleted data files etc. All these files get written all over a large partition of the hard disk and removing them takes inordinately long time. Also the time required to defragment the hard disk increases.
- If you want to take a backup of your operating system, the image size becomes huge and has to be written on an external disk.
- Search time in a disk increases.
Therefore you need to partition the disk into manageable partitions.
However, before you partition the disk some preparatory work is required.
Change Drive Letters: The new PCs come with three drives. C: for System, D: for Recovery Partition and E: for DVD Drive. When we make new partitions on the hard disk the new drives will be assigned drive letters next in the existing sequence and we will end up with new drives like F: G: H: etc. To avoid this type of assignment we have to change the drive letters of existing drives. D: to R: (Recovery), E: to F: assuming we will create new D: and E: partitions.
- Press + X to open the Power User Menu and Select Disk Management.
- Right click on the Drive you want to change and Select “Change Drive Letter and Path” From the Menu Displayed
Select Change and assign the drive letter from the dropdown list in the next window.
In Our example we are changing recovery drive D to R and DVD drive E to F. If your existing partitions are different you will have to select drive letters accordingly.
- Once the drive letters are reassigned you will SHRINK drive C and create space for partition D and E
- SHRINK Drive C to 100 GB. Right Click on Drive C and Select “Shrink Volume”, The System will calculate and show you a screen showing amount of space that is available to Shrink.
Adjust the value of Amount of Space to Shrink in MB such that Total Size after Shrink in MB becomes 100 GB ( 100,000 MB)
Select Shrink and create unallocated space after drive C
- Create Drive D and E
In the unallocated space right click and create Basic NTFS Volume Drive D of 100 GB and another Basic volume of the rest of the space for Drive E. You can assign the drive letters as the volumes are created. You should also Quick format the Drives for use. You may also assign Volume labels of Data and Etc. to drive D and E respectively.
Your Hard Disk is now ready for further setup.